Powering Strong Communities

What Technologies Are Necessary for a Clean Energy Transition?

Technologies for an Energy Transition graphic

An array of technologies – both those already in use and those needing to be developed – are needed for an economy-wide shift to cleaner energy. First, utilities will need to have six technological functions in place. Then, these functions can support energy technologies to support four key areas for energy transition.

Technological functions
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Supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA)

presenter icon

Advanced metering infrastructure


flowchart icon

Distributed energy resource management system

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AI/data analysis tool



network icon

Modern wireline/wireless communications


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Cybersecurity protocols




Technologies by Key Area


  • Home heating, water heating, and cooking
  • Transportation (cars, ebikes, buses)
  • Industrial processes (e.g., electrified equipment, forklifts)
  • Agriculture (e.g., irrigation systems, vehicles)
  • Upgraded panels, transformers, and distribution systems

DERs & load flexibility

  • Customer-sited solar
  • Behind-the-meter battery storage
  • Distributed wind
  • water heaters with demand response
  • Backup generation
  • Smart thermostats
  • EVs

Community-scale generation

  • Community solar
  • Battery storage
  • Thermal storage
  • Pumped hydro

Utility-scale generation

  • Solar
  • Wind
  • Storage
  • Hydro
  • Nuclear
  • Landfill gas


Utilities can support adoption and implementation of these technologies through:

person icon at tablet Program development encouraging customer participation in cost and energy-saving projects
wind turbine icon Energy purchasing seeking lower emission sources from suppliers
shovel icon Technology planning combining new tech with other capital expenditures
beaker icon Pilot projects testing rollout of related programs and services
sharing lessons icon Tech transfer sharing lessons and tools to replicate success
funding icon Funding leveraging local, state, and federal grants to ease costs

Learn more in the Public Power Energy Transition Roadmap.