New York State public authorities and agencies on April 3 announced the passage of legislation as part the FY 2020-2021 state budget to dramatically speed up the siting and construction of clean energy projects.
Among other things, the Accelerated Renewable Energy Growth and Community Benefit Act will create an Office of Renewable Energy Siting to improve and streamline the process for environmentally responsible and cost-effective siting of large-scale renewable energy projects across New York while delivering significant benefits to local communities, the New York Power Authority noted.
“We, at NYPA, thank the Governor and the legislature for enacting this nation-leading legislation that empowers NYPA to be at the forefront of the fight against climate change, driving the charge to meet the state’s aggressive clean energy goals,” said Gil Quiniones, NYPA President and CEO. “By building new transmission to help deliver clean energy to more New Yorkers and engaging in public-private partnerships, NYPA and its partners will lead New York’s transformation to a clean energy economy.”
The act will be implemented by NYPA, the New York State Department of State, New York State Energy Research and Development Authority, Department of Public Service, Department of Environmental Conservation and the Empire State Development Corporation.
NYPA said in a news release that the state's existing energy generation siting process was designed for siting fossil-fuel electric generating plants and was established prior to the adoption of New York’s clean energy and environmental mandates under its new climate law.
“As the state seeks solutions to getting the economy back on track after overcoming the COVID-19 crisis, restarting renewable energy construction will play a central role in the green economy. The new siting process will establish uniform environmental standards and conditions that will support expedited project development, bringing new jobs while combating climate change,” NYPA noted.
The new Office of Renewable Energy Siting will:
- Establish regulations and uniform standards that encompass the environmental impacts common to large, renewable energy projects, and identify mitigation measures to address those impacts;
- Require that uniform and site-specific standards and conditions must achieve a net conservation benefit to any impacted endangered and threatened species;
- Authorize DEC to use funds from projects permitted through the new siting office to implement an endangered and threatened species mitigation bank fund; and
- Develop draft permits for public comment and local community input and ensure that complete applications are acted upon within one year, except in the case of certain former commercial and industrial sites, which will be reviewed within six months.
The siting office will seek public comment during the initial development of uniform standards and conditions through four public hearings across the state. Additionally, for each project, municipalities and community intervenors will have access, as appropriate, to funds that will assist them in reviewing the project and aid them in providing comments to advise the siting office on the project’s compliance with local laws with respect to the environment, public health and safety.
All large-scale, renewable energy projects larger than 25 megawatts will be required to seek an approved permit through the siting office for new construction or expansion. Projects already in the initial phases of the current Article 10 siting process through the State’s Siting Board may remain in Article 10 or opt-in to the new siting process.
New projects sized between 20 and 25 megawatts will also be able to opt-in. Until the siting office establishes new siting standards, projects that apply to the new siting process must be designed to meet current Article 10 standards.
The Act also creates a Clean Energy Resources Development and Incentives Program that will be administered by the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority.
Through this program, NYSERDA will work with its state partners and local communities to rapidly advance new "Build-Ready" projects, prioritizing the development of existing or abandoned commercial sites, brownfields, landfills, former industrial sites, and abandoned or underutilized sites.
NYSERDA, in consultation with the Department of Public Service, New York State Urban Development Corporation, and other agencies, will immediately begin pursuing site control and pre-construction development activities, including siting, resource feasibility assessments, design, planning and other appropriate activities necessary to establish build-ready sites.
Once sites are fully permitted and developed, NYSERDA will competitively auction the developed sites, bundled with contracts for renewable energy payments, to provide a fully de-risked package for private developers to construct and operate projects at these sites.
NYSERDA has already begun collaborating with state agencies and other partners to identify an initial set of underutilized sites that may be viable to host a renewable energy project with a shortlist of sites under consideration.
In order to ensure that renewable energy projects deliver benefits to the local communities where they are built, the Act establishes several programs.
First, NYSERDA will develop a Host Community Benefit Program as part of its build-ready initiative, which will offer property owners and communities benefits and incentives for hosting renewable energy facilities.
The Act also creates a new program that will be established by the New York Public Service Commission, which will provide utility bill discounts or other environmental benefits or compensation for the benefit of residents of host communities.
Also, in order for communities to participate in the new siting process, NYSERDA will administer a local intervenor fund for the benefit of local agencies and community intervenors.
The last category of major provisions under the Act will help to prioritize the planning, investment and responsible development of grid infrastructure, which will allow for renewable energy power to be delivered to where it is needed in the state.
Under the Act, the state will develop a State Power Grid and Study Program to accelerate the planning and build out of bulk and local transmission and distribution infrastructure to ensure that renewable energy can be reliably and cost-effectively delivered to power New York homes and businesses.
- Directs the Department of Public Service, in consultation with NYSERDA, NYPA, the Long Island Power Authority, and the state's grid operator and utilities, to conduct a comprehensive study to identify cost-effective distribution, local and bulk electric system upgrades and file the study with the Public Service Commission;
- Directs the New York Public Service Commission to establish a distribution and local transmission system capital program, with associated milestones and reviews, for each utility in need of local upgrades in their service territory;
- Develops a bulk transmission investment program, for the projects identified in the comprehensive study, that not only accelerates development through existing planning and development processes, but also relies upon and fully leverages the New York Power Authority's unique capability to expeditiously construct new transmission, by itself or in partnership with others; and
- Applies a streamlined siting process of no more than nine months from complete application for transmission infrastructure built within existing rights-of-way.