Electric Vehicles

EV trends in 2019 included states requiring transportation electrification plans

Policymakers and regulators in several states directed utilities to develop comprehensive transportation electrification plans during 2019, one of several major electric vehicle trends last year, a new report from the NC Clean Energy Technology Center said.

Lawmakers in New Mexico and Washington state passed bills related to transportation electrification plans during the year.

Oregon regulators established guidelines for utility transportation plans, and Minnesota regulators directed utilities to file plans before July 2019.

Meanwhile, the Arizona Corporation Commission required utilities to file a statewide transportation electrification plan by the end of 2019, the NC Clean Energy Technology Center said.

Another top EV trend in 2019 involved state legislators adopting additional registration fees for electric vehicles.

Legislators in ten states -- Alabama, Arkansas, Hawaii, Iowa, Illinois, Kansas, North Dakota, Ohio, Washington and Wyoming -- approved additional registration fees for electric vehicles in 2019. These fees are typically adopted in order to make up for reduced gasoline tax revenues associated with increased use of electric and hybrid vehicles, the report noted. Twenty-eight states currently have additional registration fees for electric vehicles, which range from $50 to $225.

In addition, state regulators considering utility ownership of charging infrastructure emerged as another significant EV trend in 2019.

Utility regulators across the country are considering whether utilities should be permitted to own and operate electric vehicle charging infrastructure. Regulators in the District of Columbia issued a decision allowing investor-owned Pepco to own make-ready equipment only, while the Maryland Public Service Commission regulators authorized utilities to own a limited number of charging stations to jumpstart the development of a public charging network.

Other top EV trends from last year listed in the report were:

  • States exempting charging stations from utility regulation
  • Lawmakers adopting zero-emission vehicle procurement targets for state fleets
  • Utilities developing rate designs to promote DC fast charging
  • Utilities proposing individual programs to address different market segments
  • Growing interest in subscription pricing pilots for EV charging
  • Utilities working to accelerate transit and school bus electrification; and
  • States and utilities adopting new incentives for EVs and charging equipment

In 2019, 49 states plus the District of Columbia took a total of 601 policy and deployment actions related to electric vehicles and charging infrastructure, the report noted.

Of the 601 actions cataloged, the most common were related to regulation (154), followed by financial incentives (141) and market development (118).

Fourth quarter of 2019

Meanwhile, the center listed the following as the top EV actions in the fourth quarter of 2019:

  • California regulators approving utility charging station deployment at schools, state parks, and beaches
  • Arizona utilities filing statewide transportation electrification plan
  • Minnesota regulators approving subscription rate for EV charging
  • Delaware regulators exempting charging stations from utility regulation
  • Draft EV roadmap released and zero-emission vehicle docket opened in Connecticut

In the fourth quarter of 2019, 42 states plus DC took a total of 294 legislative and regulatory actions related to electric vehicles.

Of the 294 actions catalogued, the most common were related to financial incentives (78), followed by market development (60), and deployment (44).

Additional information about the report is available here.

For details about what public power is doing in terms of EV activities, check out the American Public Power Association’s Public Power EV Activities Tracker.