The Biden Administration has now approved electric vehicle (EV) infrastructure deployment plans for all 50 States, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico ahead of schedule under the National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure (NEVI) Formula Program, established and funded by Biden’s Bipartisan Infrastructure Law.
With this approval, all states now have access to all Fiscal Year (FY) 2022 and FY23 NEVI formula funding, totaling more than $1.5 billion to help build EV chargers covering approximately 75,000 miles of highway across the country.
The NEVI formula funding under the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law makes $5 billion available over five years.
Thanks to flexibility provided by the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law, State Departments of Transportation (DOTs) were able to leverage technical assistance available through the Joint Office of Energy and Transportation and begin staffing and activities directly related to the development of their plans prior to approval, the Department of Energy noted.
Now that EV charging plans from all 50 States, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico have been approved, each state, territory, or district can be reimbursed for those costs and now have a wide range of options to use their NEVI formula funding for projects directly related to the charging of a vehicle, including:
- Upgrade of existing and construction of new EV charging infrastructure
- Operation and maintenance costs of these charging stations
- Installation of on-site electrical service equipment
- Community and stakeholder engagement
- Workforce development activities
- EV charging station signage
- Data sharing activities
- Related mapping analysis and activities
All approved plans are available on the FHWA web site and funding tables for the full five years of the NEVI formula program can be viewed here.
Additional funding sources include:
- Ten percent of the NEVI Formula Program that is set aside each fiscal year for the Secretary of Transportation to help fill gaps in the national network through discretionary grants.
- The $2.5 billion Discretionary Grant Program for Charging and Fueling Infrastructure, which will ensure charger deployment meets the Biden-Harris Administration’s priorities, including equity commitments to increase EV charging access in rural, underserved, and overburdened communities.
- The Inflation Reduction Act, which will help bring down the sticker price of electric vehicles, providing tax credits to purchase new and used electric vehicles, as well as making an additional $3 billion accessible to support access to EV charging for economically disadvantaged communities through the Neighborhood Access and Equity Grant Program.
- The CHIPS and Science Act, which will bolster U.S. leadership in semiconductors, providing $52.7 billion for American semiconductor research, development, manufacturing and workforce development. This includes $39 billion in manufacturing incentives, including billions for the legacy chips used in automobiles.
- The cumulative $7 billion in funding to support an end-to-end domestic supply chain for domestic EV battery manufacturing available through the Department of Energy.
- The Reduction of Truck Emissions at Port Facilities Program, which will provide $400 million in competitive funding to reduce truck idling and emissions at ports, including through the advancement of port electrification.
FHWA is also working on related efforts to establish ground rules for how formula NEVI funds can be spent.
FHWA published a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) on proposed minimum standards and requirements for projects funded under the NEVI Formula Program and plans to finalize that rulemaking expeditiously now that the comment period has closed.
FHWA also proposed a Buy America waiver that will allow a short ramp up period for the domestic manufacturing of EV charging; the comment period for the waiver proposal is open through September 30, 2022. Additionally, FHWA has posted updated Frequently Asked Questions on its website.
The Federal Highway Administration and the Joint Office of Energy and Transportation will continue to provide direct technical assistance and support to states as they begin plan implementation, as well as throughout the lifetime of the NEVI formula program.